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Seasonal allergies are the response of the human immune system to irritants in the world, entering a certain time of the year in contact with our body. This phenomenon is also called “pollination”. The disease has long roots: even the ancient Greeks (both ordinary and elite) experienced ambrosia, which caused choking and skin rashes. Seasonal allergy to ragweed is modern society’s struggle. Seasonal allergies can also occur due to cold, flu or weather differences. This charming green plant with carved flower leaves and today is the number one enemy among diverse floral representatives. Its small fruits are considered one of the most powerful allergens, capable of causing allergic reactions: just 25 grain per 1 meter solid air can trigger reactions. One plant can provide several million particles that can cause human asthma – a dangerous disease in the respiratory tract.

Which plants that you have to beware of?

Seasonal allergies are caused by unpretentious vegetation with location and climatic conditions but are aggressive towards people from an allergic point of view: maple, alder, oak, cypress, birch, ash, linden, willow, walnut, elm, hazel. From pasture meadows – timothy, lucerne, clover in flowering period. Rye, buckwheat, and wheat are plants that cause a person to experience dangerous conditions such as seasonal allergies. Pollen ragweed should also be avoided.

Spring allergy: symptoms

Spring is the time of awakening of nature and fever at the same time. How seasonal allergies are shown:

  • Eyes – redness, lacrimation, a sensation of “mote”, photophobia, itchiness
  • Nose – runny nose, lowering the sense of smell, sneezing, itching, and paralysis. Slime sprayed from the nasal sinuses is characterized by fluid, transparent consistency.
  • In respiratory system – shortness of breath, difficulty during inspiration, rapid breathing, drowsiness (with bronchial pollen asthma), frequent coughing which is dry and exhausting.
  • Less frequent rashes in the body, itching, severe itching dermatitis in the form of the dry or wet foam.
  • Physical manifestations are accompanied by body weakness, headache, increased fatigue and loss of appetite


Seasonal allergic therapy is to reduce the severity of the symptoms and protect the internal organs from the effects of allergens, depending on the duration of the manifestation, disease level and individual specificity of the patient’s body. The official medical recommendation the use of effective medicines to cure diseases such as seasonal allergies.

Drug medication

  1. A) Antihistamines:
  2. 1st generation: Diphenhydramine, Chloropyramine, Pipolphen, Suprastin, and Diprazin.
  3. 2nd generations: “Hifenadine”, “Clemastin”, “Oxatomide”, “Azelastin”, “Doxypamine”.
  4. 3rd generations: “Astemizol”, “Acryvastin”, “Norastemizol”, “Terfenadin”;
  5. 4th generations: “Loratadin”, “Cetirizine”, “Ebastin”.

Their action is aimed at preventing the early actions of the immune system mechanism against allergens. Literally, after taking the medicine, the release of the nasal sinuses stopped, their swelling will decrease. The least harmful and effective drugs are 3 and 4 generations. Medicines are given throughout the flowering period, although allergic symptoms are absent. The positive properties of antihistamines are rapid action (up to 60 minutes), high absorption activation by the digestive organ, lack of habituation.

  1. B) Vasculature – reduce symptoms of rhinitis and normalize the tone of the circulatory system. These “Galazolin”, “Sanorin”, “Otryvin”, “Oxytamazolin” – medicines, which cause neutralizing of nasal congestion and eliminating allergic rhinitis. The treatment period does not exceed 7 days. Furthermore, doctors should recommend more effective agents.
  2. C) Preparations “Promoclimat sodium”, produced in the form of spray and droplets for the eyes and nose and are prescribed by doctors for the treatment of conjunctivitis and allergic rhinitis. It functions to reduce the aggressive manifestation of the body’s immune system in the nasal and eye cavity.
  3. D) Glucocorticosteroids – Prescribed in cases of ineffective antihistamine action. Short-term courses used to reduce acute symptoms; The treatment is soft and gentle and removes inflammation quickly. These are “Rhinocort”, “Baconaz”, “Betamethasone”, “Nasacort”, “Sintaris”.

Preventive measures

An important factor is a compliance with preventive measures, namely:

  1. Avoid touching plants that trigger reactions. During flowering, whenever possible, rarely go out, shorten the walk, especially on hot and windy days.
  2. Close the windows and door. Better if they are woven with a transparent damp cloth that absorbs pollen.
  3. Wash hands and whole body thoroughly after coming off the road.
  4. Move to places with damp air (holidays by sea or river) during the active flowering of plants.
  5. Strengthening the immune system by consuming vitamins several months before flowering periods.

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