Every woman, who is sexually active, should consult their gynecologist about birth control at some point. Contraception, or birth control, has one purpose – To prevent unwanted pregnancies. There are numerous methods and options for women to choose from, and your gynecologist can help you understand the pros and cons of each. You can check for clinics related to women’s health in Boca Raton to book an appointment. In this post, we are sharing more on the common types of birth control and other relevant aspects worth knowing.
What Are Different Birth Control Options for Women?
- The most common form of birth control is the barrier method (we are not considering abstinence, which isn’t an option!). Female condoms are equally popular these days, and you can insert one hours before the actual intercourse without ruining the moment.
- The second option is hormonal birth control. You can try something like a vaginal ring, skin patch, pills, or contraceptive injection, which are for the short term. You may have to use these options as you need, often monthly or weekly. Other hormonal methods are long-acting, such as intrauterine devices (copper and hormonal) and a contraceptive implant. These are called long-acting hormonal birth control methods because these last for years unless it’s time to change or you wish to remove the device.
- Sterilization is your third option. If you don’t want to get pregnant ever again, sterilization could be an option. As with any form of birth control, there are pros and cons, which you must discuss with your gynecologist.
- There is also emergency contraception, which can be considered after unexpected sexual intercourse if you are not using any other form of birth control. The morning-after pill is safe but should be considered as a regular option.
How Does Birth Control Work?
Each birth control method works in a specific way. Some prevent the sperm from fertilizing the egg, while others cause damage to sperm. Hormonal birth control pills, for instance, prevent ovulation. Some methods may thicken the cervical mucus, which prevents sperm from getting to the egg, or may cause changes to the uterus lining, preventing the fertilized egg from attaching.
How to Choose the Right Contraception Method?
Your gynecologist will do a wellness exam and ask a few questions before deciding on the right birth control method. When you meet a doctor for the first time, you need to share your immediate and future goals related to pregnancy. For instance, if a woman doesn’t want to get pregnant again, the options can be evaluated accordingly. All contraception methods have pros and cons, which can be unique to a woman’s body. As such, it is wise to consider the side effects, which your doctor can explain. Your doctor may also ask questions related to your sex life and if you have multiple sex partners.
No one contraception method can work for every woman. Depending on your reproductive health, existing diseases (if any), and goals, your gynecologist can offer the right options. You can also discuss your sex life concerns, if you have any.