Colposcope is a device used to visualize the vagina, cervix, and vulva. If you have ever had an abnormal pap test, then your doctor might have recommended a colposcopy using a colposcope. An abnormal pap smear may indicate cervical cancer or precancerous cells in the cervix. A colposcopy helps visualize and eliminate any risk factors.
To get a colposcopy done, you may contact experts at Miami advanced colposcopy centers. With expertise, they can help you detect and treat precancerous cells in time.
Women generally have many questions regarding a colposcopy. In this post, we have answered several common questions related to colposcopy.
How Is Colposcopy Different From a Pap Test?
In a pap test or a pap smear, a sample of cells from the cervix is taken and diagnosed to identify the presence of any precancerous or cancerous lesions. It is also used to identify the presence of any viruses (human papillomavirus) in the cervix. A colposcopy is used to confirm the presence of precancerous or cancerous lesions in the cervix. After a pap smear has tested positive for the presence of lesions, doctors perform a colposcopy to confirm its presence.
How to Prepare for a Colposcopy?
For 24-48 hours before a colposcopy, one must avoid the following:
- Do not have sex.
- Do not insert any kinds of products inside the vagina.
- Do not use any vaginal medications or ointments.
- Do not schedule a colposcopy if you are in the menstrual phase of the menstrual cycle.
What Is the Procedure of a Colposcopy?
The procedure of colposcopy is non-invasive. The doctor uses a speculum to widen the vagina, which gives the doctor a better look at the cervix. After this, the doctor uses a vinegar solution to wipe the vagina, cervix, and vulva. This gives a better view of the abnormal cells. The last step is to place the colposcopy as close as possible to the vagina.
What Are the Side Effects of a Colposcopy?
As the colposcope never enters the vagina, there are no chances of infection or side effects. However, if your doctor confirms the presence of abnormal cells, they may proceed with a biopsy to check if the cells are cancerous or not. Post-biopsy, you may have some discomfort and dark discharge due to the solution to prevent severe bleeding. You may also experience some minor cramps and bleeding after a colposcopy; if these symptoms persist or get worse, then you must contact your doctor.